Sodium Bicarbonate


Sodium bicarbonate, a common emergency room medicine, acts as a powerful, natural and safe anti-fungal agent, which when combined with iodine, covers the entire spectrum of microbial organisms. The efficacy of sodium bicarbonate against certain bacteria and fungi has been documented but its role as a disinfectant against viruses is not generally known. Sodium bicarbonate at concentrations of 5% and above was found to be effective with 99.99% reduction of viral titers on food contact surfaces within a contact time of 1 min.

Sodium Bicarbonate Injection: USP is administered by the intravenous route. In cardiac arrest, a rapid intravenous dose of one to two 50 mL vials (44.6 to 100 mEq) may be given initially and continued at a rate of 50 mL (44.6 to 50 mEq) every 5 to 10 minutes if necessary (as indicated by arterial pH and blood gas monitoring) to reverse the acidosis. Caution should be observed in emergencies where very rapid infusion of large quantities of bicarbonate is indicated. Bicarbonate solutions are hypertonic and may produce an undesirable rise in plasma sodium concentration in the process of correcting metabolic acidosis. In cardiac arrest, however, the risks from acidosis exceed those of hypernatremia.